http://www.dfid.gov.uk/eastafricafoodcrisis: Watch our video report from the drought-hit region of Turkana in north-west Kenya, where British aid is helping treat malnourished children and mitigate the effects of repeated failed rains through a long term 'hunger safety net' programme.
To find out more about how UK aid is helping in the Horn of Africa, please visit: http://www.dfid.gov.uk/eastafricafoodcrisis
The UK has pledged an aid package worth £52 million to help 10 million people affected by east Africa's worst drought in 60 years. Like us on Facebook at http://www.facebook.com/itn and follow us on Twitter at http://twitter.com/itn
East Africa is currently experiencing its worst drought in over 60 years, causing famine conditions in parts of Somalia and a growing refugee crisis. At least 12 million people in Somalia and neighboring Kenya, Ethiopia and Djibouti are suffering from acute food shortages and malnutrition. AJWS has already begun responding to the crisis, partnering with a humanitarian aid organization to provide emergency medical services and distribute food to refugees in Dadaab Refugee Camp in north eastern Kenya. Our partners are also working with communities in drought-affected areas to distribute water supplies, and build sanitation facilities to stop the spread of deadly diseases like cholera.
Still Photo credits, in order of appearance:
1. Andy Hall/Oxfam
2. Andy Hall/Oxfam
3. Anna Ridout/Oxfam
4. Unknown/Oxfam East Africa
5. Feisal Omar/REUTERS
6. Noor Khamis/REUTERS
7. R. Gangale/UNHCR
8. Andy Hall/Oxfam
9. Unknown/Oxfam East Africa
Famine Victim Loses Children
Residents of the Horn of Africa may have evaded the pressure of Islamist militants, but they have yet to escape starvation.
While some have sought rescue at camps in Mogadishu, they are still vulnerable to disease and malnutrition.
Mohammed Moalim lost all five of his children to malnutrition and disease at one of the feeding camps , as he couldn't afford the funds for medicine.
UNICEF estimates that 640,000 children are suffering from severe malnutrition across the country.
Meanwhile the worst drought Somalia has been experiencing in decades has taken a toll on livestock and sub sequentially, food price.
In the town of Dhobely, which borders Kenya, buildings bear the scars of gun battles between troops and islamist militants.
Aside conflict and drought, aid has been rejected by the rebels when they were in control of certain regions of the country, leaving 3.6 million Somalis on the edge of starvation.
Currently, while humanitarian agencies have been shipping emergency food and makeshift shelters, the Food and Agricultural Organization have appealed for roughly 70 million US dollars to strengthen Somalia's impoverished food sources.
"We are in the middle of a dry period and you can see around that it is completely dry and people have exhausted their stocks. So that means either we intervene with both food and other activities bringing cash into the communities -- or they will continue to die. And in some areas of the country there was only 25% of the harvest in other areas the harvest was almost inexistent," said Christina Amaral, chief of emergency operations service.
Moreover, migration posed security problems for neighboring countries.
"Having hundreds of thousands of Somalis that migrate outside Somalia in the neighbouring country is going to create a security problem in the neighbouring country. The second point is that it is simply unbearable to have alternatives in protecting people's assets because the cost of it is 10-15 times higher than giving people the possibility of living where they are and protecting their assets. The third point is that managing big camps has proven in the last 20 year really difficult to handle," said Luca Alinovi, officer-in-charge.
With these funds, the FAO could provide vaccination for livestock and seeds to people ahead of rain season.
Christina Amaral - chief of emergency operations service, UNFAO
Luca Alinovi - officer-in-charge, UNFAO Somalia
By Noora Faraj
Al Arabiya with Agencies